Blood Sugar 101

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Welcome to Blood Sugar 101! Scroll down to see more topics, then click on the Drugs, Diet, Diagnosis, and Complications Menu tabs to learn more.

Site Summary: Start Reading Here to Read This Site in A Logical Order

I know your time is limited, and this site is very big--90,000 words at last count--so here's a quick rundown of what you'll find in its pages. The emphasis is on teaching you how to bring your blood sugars down to the level that peer reviewed research has shown will prevent complications. The statements you'll find here are not just opinions.... more

How to Lower Your Blood Sugar

Over the past decade thousands of people with Type 2 diabetes have dramatically lowered their blood sugar using this very simple technique. Unlike most other strategies you may have encountered, this one does not tell you what to eat. Instead it teaches you how the meals you are currently eating affect your blood sugar and then guides you through... more

You Did NOT Eat Your Way to Diabetes: The REAL Causes

Don't fall for the toxic myth that you caused your diabetes by reckless overeating. While people with diabetes often are seriously overweight, there is accumulating evidence that their overweight is a symptom, not the cause of the process that leads to Type 2 Diabetes.

Even so, it is likely that you've been told that you caused... more


What is a Normal Blood Sugar?

The term "blood sugar" refers to the concentration of glucose, a simple, sugar, that is found in a set volume of blood. In the U.S. it is measured in milligrams per deciliter, abbreviated as mg/dl. In most of the rest of the world it is measured in millimoles per liter, abbreviated as mmol/L.

The concentration of glucose in our blood changes... more


Why Lowering A1c Below 6.0% Is Not Dangerous

Over the past year I have heard from a horrifying number of people with diabetes whose doctors have reproached them for lowering their A1cs below 6% and warned them that lowering A1c to that level will give them heart attacks.

This is obscenely bad advice. But there is a reason why so many doctors are giving it. It goes back to a study... more

Healthy Blood Sugar Targets

A blood sugar target is the highest blood sugar reading you consider acceptable. Doctors and organizations like the American Diabetes Association suggest various blood sugar targets, but before you adopt any such target, it is worth remembering that the point of setting and adhering to any blood sugar target is to avoid diabetic complications.... more

The 5% Club: They Normalized Their Diabetic Blood Sugars and So Can You!

Some of the data you'll see on this site may be daunting if you have been diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes and your blood sugar is running very high. For that matter, it can be daunting even if up until now you've been been reassured by your doctor that your fasting blood sugar of well over 125 mg/dl and your A1c of 7% are "great... more

Research Connecting Organ Damage with Blood Sugar Level

The studies you will read below, some of which are not cited in the AACE guidelines, make a cogent case that post-meal blood sugars of 140 mg/dl (7.8 mmol/L) and higher and fasting blood sugars over 100 mg/dl (5.6 mmol/L) cause permanent organ damage and cause diabetes to progress.

NOTE: All blood sugar levels discussed on these pages refer to... more


Diabetes Drugs - Quick Summary

The table below summarizes important information about the most commonly prescribed drugs for Type 2 Diabetes. more

Do People with Type 2 Always Deteriorate?

The single most dangerous idea you are likely to encounter as you begin your struggle to live a healthy life with diabetes is the belief that science has proven, beyond a doubt, that no matter what you do, your Type 2 Diabetes will get worse.

your doctors probably believe this. Though they may give lip service to the idea that you can control... more


How Blood Sugar Control Works--And How It Stops Working

To understand what happens as your blood sugar deteriorates from normal to pre-diabetes, and finally, to full-fledged diabetes you first need to understand how blood sugar control works in a normal body. The key to understanding blood sugar control is to understand the role played by special cells called Beta-Cells. These tiny cells are scattered... more

The Patterns in Which Diabetes Develops

If you've been diagnosed with pre-diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance, or if your fasting blood sugar is higher than normal, or if you have a family history of diabetes, you may wonder what your real risk is of developing full-fledged diabetes. Fortunately, you can get a good idea of this from the results of several important medical studies... more

A1c and High Post-Meal Blood Sugars Predict Heart Attack

If you need any more motivation to pursue normal blood sugars consider this:Heart attack risk more than doubles at blood sugar levels considered to be "prediabetic."

A study conducted in Italy which analyzed 14 years of blood sugar data taken from people recently diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes concluded "A1C and blood glucose 2 h after... more


Why Is Blood Sugar Highest in the Morning?

Many people with diabetes find that their fasting blood sugar first thing in the morning is the hardest blood sugar to control. In addition, they find that if they eat the same food for breakfast as they do for lunch or dinner they will see a much higher blood sugar number when testing after breakfast than they see at the other meals.

The... more

Diabetes at the Hospital or Nursing Home -- How to Protect Yourself

If you have diabetes and are forced to go to a hospital, emergency room, or nursing home for any reason at all, you may find yourself plunged into a situation where well-intentioned but ignorant medical professionals do all they can to destroy your blood sugar control.

Because none of us know when we may be the victim of an accident or... more

Diabetes on a Budget

Diabetes is expensive. Test strips, drugs, and food that doesn't raise your blood sugar all cost money, but for a lot of us, the money to pay for these necessities has become hard to find. If you are finding yourself in a crunch here are a few ideas that may help.

Test Strips
If you don't have insurance coverage test strips... more

Frequently Asked Questions

These are some of the questions visitors to this site most often ask.
  • When is the best time to test my blood sugar?

    Because it is post-meal blood sugars that most greatly stress your beta cells, the best time to test your blood sugar is the time, after eating, when blood sugars are the highest. For most people this will be... more


Do You Have a Good Doctor?

There is one often overlooked factor that can save you or someone you love from a future filled with amputations, failing vision, and dialysis: a family doctor who keeps up-to-date on diabetes treatment.

Not all doctors do. In fact, quite a few doctors out there got their training in diabetes care in medical school decades ago, and the only... more

Jenny Ruhl's Books

Blood Sugar 101: What They Don't Tell You About Diabetes by Jenny Ruhl distills the mass of information stored on the Bloodsugar101.com Web site into a 200 page book and Kindle download.

It draws on the findings of peer reviewed research and the shared Wisdom of the Web to teach... more

Helpful Books and Nutritional Software

The following are some books and other tools that can help you get your blood sugar back into control.

Excellent Books for All People with Diabetes

Dr. Bernstein's Diabetes Solution: The... more

Painless Blood Sugar Testing

If you learned how to test your blood sugar in the hospital or from a nurse in your doctor's office who doesn't themselves have diabetes, you may have been taught the wrong technique for testing and may be causing yourself unnecessary pain.

Here are some tips about how to test painlessly drawn from my own experience and that of people who... more

Download The Lower Your Blood Sugar Flyer

Thousands of people online have learned how to lower their blood sugar by cutting back on their carbohydrates. You've seen some of their testimonials on The 5% Club Page on this site.

Unfortunately, though, most people with diabetes aren't online, especially those who have been... more

Blood Sugar/A1c Calculator

This new formula is based on CGMS data and is believed to be more accurate than either the DCCT formula or the Nathan Formula.

The formula used in this calculator is:

Average Blood Glucose in mmol/L = (1.583 * A1c - 2.52)

The conversion factor used to convert mmol/L to mg/dl is 18.05.

more

Finding Support Online

It is a lot easier to work on your diabetes when you have the help of other people who have to deal with the same issues as you do, day in and day out. That is why finding support can be very important. Online support has the benefit that it is there for you 24/7. It keeps you in touch with the latest research findings as well as exposing you to... more

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